عنوان مقاله [English]
In the Quran, the prophets and righteous people as the instructors sometimes refuse to show what they are inside in order to explain religious concept or teach moral points. Accordingly, the purpose of the present study is to investigate and explain the interaction between the positive characters of the holy Quran and its comparison with the concept of “persona” in psychology. The research method is content analysis of the verses of the holy Quran about the social behaviors of the prophets with an emphasis on the behaviors of Abraham, Moses, Joseph and some of good people. In the first stage, the actions that superficially are incompatible with their inner identity are identified and classified in the explanatory categories which are: playacting as ignorant, to beat someone to frighten him, argument in opponent language, dissimulation, secrecy, withdrawal to ask someone’s need and being patient upon reluctance to others. Then, these inconsistent actions are compared with the concept of “persons” in psychology. The result is that there is similarities and distinctions between actions of prophets and actions arising from persons in essence, goal, impact, benefit criterion and who gets benefit.
-قرآن کریم، ترجمه ناصر مکارم شیرازی، قم: دفتر مطالعات تاریخ و معارف اسلامی، چ2، 1373 ش.