عنوان مقاله [English]
The concept of war and the way Islam has dealt with it are matters of controversy among Muslim scholars and have aroused criticisms among non-Muslims. Verse 29 in the chapter ‘Towbeh’ (repentance) issues an order to fight ‘Ahl-e Kitab’ (Jews and Christians) and is, thus, considered by some interpreters as a license to start a war. This study aims to evaluate three different interpretations of the verse made by three eminent scholars including Rashid Reza in “Al-Manar”, Seyyed-e Qhotb in “Fea Zilalel Quran” and Seyyed Mohammad Hossein Fazlollah in “Min Vahy-ol Quran”. The critical analysis of the opinions of these three scholars shows that the verse means to punish only those Jews and Christians that are not loyal to their governments or treaties and proceed to wage hostility or invasion against Muslims. This punishment is, indeed, less severe than that allowed for polytheists. It is conclude that this Quranic verse cannot be a license to start a war with whoever non-Muslim.