نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 گروه علوم قرآن وحدیث، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران.
2 عضو هیات علمی گروه قرآن و حدیث، دانشکدا ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی تهران مرکزی
عنوان مقاله [English]
The difference between Saffar and Koleyni, as the teacher and the pupil, regarding the inclusiveness of the Quran and the Sunnah is rooted in their different views on the role of reason and divine statements, support of Imams for the Quran and the Sunnah, the meaning of delegation as well as their affiliation to different schools of rhetoric within Shi’ism. Strongly attached to the rationalistic and Quran-centered views of Hisham Ibn-e Hakam, koleyni had a moderate and non-exaggerative position to the issue of delegation of affairs to the prophet and Imams. He deemed the Quran and Sunnah inclusive of all those things that man needs at least in the domain of religion. He, therefore, considered Imams just as those who know all about the Book and the Sunnah and can interpret them. In contrast, Saffar radically advocated the Quranic statements and naturally downgraded the role of reason. He was charged of exaggeration because of giving an extensive role to delegation. Indeed, he had derived those views from the school of Mufazzal Ibn-e Amr. Under the influence of the teachings of this school, he did not consider the Quran and the Sunnah inclusive of whatever man requires. Of course, these radical attitudes cannot be as a defect in his faith. In the book “Basaer ol-Darajat”, he has delved into the knowledge of Imams, believing that it fills the gaps of the Quran and the Sunnah.