نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
دیار دانشکده الهیات دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد
عنوان مقاله [English]
Shaikh al-Sadouq, a great Shiite figure in Hadith, was born in 4th century. While prominent in shiism as the head of transmitters, he is considered as an early transmitter who has narrated a great mass of Hadiths and has studying them deliberately. He is who that has made the hadiths explained and has ascertained the facets of traditions in terms of being firm or weak. Sadouq is also a transmitter who has categorized the hadiths in different types. In these aspects the work of Sadouq can be considered as osoulioon of Shiite scholars who has been of great subtlety in their works. Nevertheless sheikh al-Sadouq in part of his works has a different attitude. Indeed he has not been of this kind of subtlety in all of his works. Therefore it can be said that Sadouq was not the same in his works and sometimes he is not so deep in presenting the subjects. The present essay tries to prove that Sadouq's deep deliberation is to be found in subjects related to Hadith as Rijal, rejection and modifying the hadith (Jarh and Tadil), understanding and comprehension of Hadith (fiqh al-Hadith), interpretation and hermeneutics of Hadith. The attitude of Sadouq in these fields is a positive one and with contemplation and concentration. This is while sadouq's low quality of works is dealing with these same fields but he is not as deep as he was in former parts. It can be said that he is less accurate and deliberately. It is said that he is here more as Akhbaarioon (the transmitters who pay attention to the exterior form of hadiths), in particular those resent Akhbarioon.