عنوان مقاله [English]
Siāq (context) – the framework and space in which the divine message has emerged – has a fundamental function in removing ambiguity from Quranic verses. The function of siāq is based on the fundamental principles of unity in form and lack of contradiction in Quranic verses. If the conditions for this function – unity in subject and unity in the direction of the subject – are provided, the jointed and disjointed symmetrical pieces of discourse pave the way for the emergence of siāq. When ambiguity emerges in discourse, either there is a symmetrical piece for removing it or there is not such a symmetrical piece. If there is a symmetrical piece, it is either jointed or disjointed. The jointed symmetrical piece is either internal or external. The internal one is either verbal or intellecthal. The external one either precedes or follows discourse. The disjointed symmetrical piece exists either in that particular Sura or in other Suras.
The present article has explicated the symmetrical pieces of discourse and presented a definition of siāq drawing up the two fundamental principles of unity in form and lack of contradiction. Then, it pointed out the symmetrical pieces of discourse introducing the conditions for the function and efficiency of siāq. The present article discussed and examined the scope of the function of siāq using a new procedure. The following are the five aspects of the scope of the function of siāq:
1. Jointed symmetrical piece, supporting the external meaning;
2. Jointed symmetrical piece, contrary to the external meaning;
3. Disjointed symmetrical piece, supporting the external meaning;
4. Disjointed symmetrical piece, contrary to the external meaning;
5. Lack of a symmetrical piece.