نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
استادیار پژوهشگاه حوزه و دانشگاه
عنوان مقاله [English]
Among the ethical concepts in the Quran one is the concept of "Khashyat" (awe) toward the God. Commentators and translators of the Quran usually consider the word "Khashyat" as a synonym of the word "fear". There are, of course, some commentators who have tried to make difference between these two terms. In this paper the author claims that these two terms have been used in the Quran in two different meanings and the kind of difference proposed by some writers as Abu Hilal Askari, Tusi, and tabatabaee is also criticized. The author by reference to the text of the Holy Quran and the usage of the terms "Khashyat" and "Khouf" in the Quran suggests that "Khashyat" is used for voluntary fear toward God. It comes from knowledge and is always with glorifying God and it makes the servant to humble before God. On the other side "Fear" is considered as a kind of reaction and not action; a reaction concerning losing what is pleasant or to what one expects to be unpleasant. Among the basic grounds for this distinction is the usage of these two words in the Quran. Fear is assigned to the prophets for other than God, but Awe is used just for the prophets before God and not other than God.