نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
دانشیار دانشگاه قم
عنوان مقاله [English]
Nizam al-Din Aaraj Nishabouri (died after 728 h.q) one of the well-known learned men among the 8th century in Islam who has precious works in many Islamic sciences especially in interpretation of the Quran. according to the view of specialists his interpretation of the Quran by the name of "Gharaeb al-Quran and Raghaeb al-Forqan" is among the best interpretations and is considered as a great encyclopedia and reference book that while give a popular explanation of the verses brings with it parts named "taavi" (explanation) in which the writer presents some mystical understandings of the verses of the Quran in the light of his theological, literal, jurisprudential and rational knowledge. Nezam al-Din in his mystical points has been companying with mystics but he never neglected necessary cautions. It seems that he has taken most of his mystical points from an unpublished book named "Bahr al-Haqaeq va al-Maaani" of Shaikh Najm al-Din Razi (7th century) who is the writer of a well-known book titled "Mersad alIbad".
We have reviewed and analyzed some parts of Bahr al-Haqaeq to show this kind of quotation. In the last part we found that the part of "taavilat" (explanations) in the book of Gharaeb al-Quran can be considered as a link between the book of Razi i.e. Bahr al-Haqaeq and Tafsir al-Quran of Mulla Sadra shirazi and therefore we conclude that Mulla Sadra has been indebted to Najm al-Din as well.