نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه علوم قرآن و حدیث دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی دانشگاه ولیعصر (عج) رفسنجان
2 استادیار دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی
عنوان مقاله [English]
Shahid Thani is one of the jurisprudents whole views have affected the trend of developments in the history of Shia hadiths. His time was the heyday of hadith science when he wrote his trilogy. He developed the quadruple set of hadiths and introduced more accurate definitions for them. Moreover, he was stricter on the acceptance of hadiths than his predecessors were. In this regard, he was especially critical of the hadith weakness compensation theory and considered many hadiths known as valid after Sheikh Tousy to be of jurisprudential validity rather than practice-based validity. He would also accept authentic and good-sounding hadiths only if there were options to choose from, but he deemed fake hadiths to be of absolutely no validity. Yet, in the case of the hadiths narrated by Ibn-e Abi Omeyr’s, he considered them seemingly faked but actually authentic. Such strictness was continued and even intensified by the jurisprudents after him. Shahid Thani’s method of accepting hadiths thus predisposed certain critical approaches that finally led to the Akhbari school of jurisprudence.