نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانش آموخته دکتری علوم قرآن و حدیث، دانشکده الهیات، دانشگاه مازندران (نویسنده مسئول)
2 دانشیار گروه معارف، دانشکده الهیات، دانشگاه مازندران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The root word Qhorb and its derivatives have been used both factually and figuratively in the Qur’an. Factually, the word denotes spatial and temporal closeness. Figuratively, however, it refers to the closeness of man to God (inherent closeness). With an emphasis on the figurative meaning of the word, the Qur’anic verses challenge the vulgar notions about man’s closeness to God. The sublime type of this closeness is expressed with the word Qharib, which is widely addressed by interpreters with no incarnation of God. It connotes the spiritual position that man can gain, and the Qur’an explains the ways of this achievement. Through a descriptive-analytical method, the present study seeks to examine the development trend of the Sunni and Shia interpretation of the word Qharib since the 2nd century (AH). As the results show, with the advent of differences among rhetorical schools in the 5th century as well as the incarnation view of God, interpreters began to deal with such issues as Qharib in absolutely figurative manners and found the use of literary and rhetorical techniques the best way to challenge the incarnation views. This method of interpreting has been used by many scholars since the 5th century. In their opinion, the adjective Qharib metaphorically points to the dominance and mastery of God in terms of knowledge and presence. Nevertheless, by deeming God aloof from incarnation, some interpreters have provided evidence that the adjective Qharib is a factual concept that needs no figurative treatment.
- قرآن کریم؛ ترجمه محمدمهدى فولادوند، تهران: دارالقرآن الکریم، 1415 ق.